Gum Disease: How It Starts, Its Effects in the Body, and Prevention

posted in: Periodontics | 0

Contrary to what most people believe, tooth decay is not the leading cause of tooth loss in adults—gum disease is. The problem is, the effects of this devastating condition are not only confined to the mouth. According to some studies, it can also increase a person’s risk of severe health issues. Because of this, we at Axiom Dentistry believe that every patient deserves to know everything there is about gum disease. It is to help them become aware of the things to watch out for, the risks, and the measures to take for its prevention. To do so, we prepared a list of information about the said disease below, read on!

Gum Disease Treatment

How does gum disease start?

The mouth houses numerous bacteria referred to as the oral microbiome. If these are kept in balance, patients are more likely to have disease-free gums. However, if the balance is disturbed, the harmful bacteria are triggered to attack; thus, the development of periodontal (gum) disease.

However, the pathogens are not the only ones that bring harm to the gums. The body’s immune system that responds to the invasion of bacteria by sending white blood cells can even cause more damage to the soft tissues.

The Effects of Gum Disease to the Body

The condition may start as redness and swelling of the gums (gingivitis), but if actions are not taken, the supporting bony structures deteriorate as well (advanced periodontitis). If the jawbone is compromised, patients may lose their teeth.

As already mentioned above, some studies link gum disease with serious health problems. Some of the said general health issues are pregnancy complications, cardiovascular disease, dementia, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes. Although the link remains unclear, it would seem as though inflammation plays a role in the conditions mentioned.

Gum Disease Prevention

Here are some of the most effective tips patients can perform to reduce their risk of gum disease.

  • The usual yet highly effective way to keep the mouth clean is by brushing. Make sure to observe this habit twice a day for two minutes.
  • If the patient happens to wear dental prostheses like crowns, bridges, or implants, utilizing interdental brushes for a more effective clean is ideal.
  • Stop smoking to do, not only the body a favor, but the mouth as well. Those who smoke are at higher risk of developing gum disease and other oral health complications.
  • Eating healthy is always a must, not only for the body but the oral health as well. That is why incorporating mouth-friendly foods is advised. Aside from those with the essential nutrients, foods that help suppress inflammation is ideal.
  • It is best to schedule regular dental checkups for the dentist to monitor the state of the patient’s overall oral health. During visits, the dental professional may even detect symptoms that indicate the rise of gum disease then take action accordingly.

If the gums appear red and swollen or if it tends to bleed, do not delay dental attention! Make sure to address the concern to a dentist immediately to stop the condition from advancing. It is always best to take care of the issue earlier than fix the damage it caused.


If you experience early signs of periodontal disease, like the sudden bleeding of gums, bad breath, or loose teeth, contact our office at Axiom Dentistry for the Treatment For Gum Disease in Louisburg, NC!